Category Archives: Upper Deck Insight

This Is Why We Can’t Have Nice Things


Blue Jays fans are a curious bunch.

The team emerged from a long, dark, and dreary period in its history last year with an incredible run to the postseason.  They have kept the momentum going this season and currently sit in a playoff spot.  Interest is at an all time high with people flocking to the Rogers Centre and watching on Sportsnet in record numbers.

You would think everybody would be happy.  Stressed, but happy.

But here’s the thing: so many fans are not happy.  In fact, they are downright angry.  Judging by social media alone, people hate the Toronto Blue Jays.

Yes, several of the people are trolls who get a kick out of drawing a reaction out of fans.  Take this idiot named Alex Hoegler (@alexhoegler) who calls himself a “Jays blogger and editor for The Sportster”.   He is clearly riling people up.



Some of the people are just plain stupid, like this guy:


Just spewing negativity at everybody and hoping somebody validates his life.

But it’s more than just those two losers.

Go on to Twitter and search #FireGibbons.  There are literally thousands of people who are calling for his head, proclaiming the season over because of his stupidity.

My question is: what is wrong with people?

With 23 games to play, the Blue Jays lead the Wild Card race and are 1 game back of the first place Red Sox.

From 1995 – 2014, fans would given anything to be in that position. On average in those 20 seasons with 23 games left to play, the Blue Jays were 5 games under .500, in second last place in the AL East, and 17 games back.  The best team they had in that stretch was in 1999 when they were 74 – 65, but still 11.5 behind.  The closest they were in that stretch was 2000 when they were 7.5 back.

Fans have literally been hoping and praying for a contender for over 20 years.  We now finally have one and people are angrier than ever.

Hey people – cheer up!

The Sanchez Conundrum


Aaron Sanchez is one of the best starting pitchers in the American League.  He is first in winning percentage (.917), first in ERA (2.71), seventh in WAR (3.5), first in quality start percentage (81%), and tenth in WHIP (1.13).  At this stage in the season, he has to be considered one of the front runners for the AL Cy Young award.

But he will not win the award, because Aaron Sanchez is now officially moving to the bullpen.

We don’t know for certain when he will be shifted from a member of the rotation to a member of the relief corps, but we know for certain that he will be shifted.  Quite obviously my opinion on the matter means nothing, and many writers both more influential and better than myself have already weighed in.

But I’m going to share my two cents anyways: I understand the decision, but I don’t agree with it.

Here is why I understand the decision: Aaron Sanchez is one of the most important members of the Toronto Blue Jays.  He is young, he is talented, and he has the potential to be an ace pitcher for many years to come.  Protecting his arm from injury is of the utmost importance to the future of the franchise.  If limiting his innings by removing him from the rotation is how Ross Atkins, Mark Shapiro, and the rest of the Blue Jays braintrust want to proceed, then so be it.  They have access to all kinds of performance monitoring data and are closer to the situation than anybody else.

The Verducci Effect, named after SI writer Tom Verducci, states that pitchers under the age of 25 with large inning jumps year-over-year, have an increased risk of arm injury.  The theory was largely predicated on the heavy workload and subsequent collapse of Cubs pitchers Mark Prior and Kerry Wood.  But the theory has been largely debunked in recent years.  There are many variables that can determine injury risk – body type, height, delivery, velocity, stamina – that narrowing everything down to a count of innings is absurd.

No two innings are the same, yet all are accounted for identically.  A pitcher can have a 1-2-3 inning on four pitches, or struggle through a 30-pitch inning with several base runners and heavy pressure.  Clearly those are different situations, yet both count as one inning pitched.  Simply deducting last year’s total from this year’s total to arrive at an innings increase is misleading.

Sanchez’s previous career innings high of 133.1 was set in 2014 (split between the majors and minors).  He has now reached 139.1 innings pitched.  For some people, that rings alarm bells.  But consider:

  • He is bigger and stronger than in previous seasons thanks to a rigorous off-season workout program conducted with Marcus Stroman
  • He has faced very few high stress situations
  • He has thrown a total of 2,078 pitches (as compared to 2,101 in his 2014 season), suggesting he is more efficient than in years past
  • As a starting pitcher Sanchez has an established routine that will not exist with a move to the bullpen

The other question to ask is where will Sanchez fit in?  After struggling to develop a bullpen identity all season long, Gibbons has finally found something that works with an endgame of Grilli and Osuna.  Does Sanchez supplant Grilli as the 8th inning guy?  Does he become a multi-inning relief beast?  Does he pitch the 7th?  Until those questions can be answered I’m not sure moving him makes sense.

This whole debate is eerily similar to what happened in Washington a few seasons ago.  In 2012 the Washington Nationals won 98 games – the most in baseball.  They did it largely on the arm of Stephen Strasburg who went 15-6 with a 3.16 ERA.  However, concerns over his workload (159.1 innings) led the Nats to shut him down in early September, meaning he wasn’t available for the playoffs.  Not surprisingly, Washington lost in the first round.  Though they have had good teams in the years that followed, 2012 was their best shot at a World Series.

In 2016, the Jays are tooth and nail to make the playoffs for the second year in a row.  Though their window for contention will not close at the end of the season, there is a very real possibility that it narrows considerably as both Jose Bautista and Edwin Encarnacion may be in different uniforms.  Like Strasburg in 2012, Sanchez is dominating big league hitters.  Like Strasburg in 2012, Sanchez is 23 years old.

But, and this is a HUGE but, unlike Strasburg in 2012, Sanchez has a much broader body of work behind him.  Coming into the 2012 season, Strasburg had pitched professionally for parts of three seasons, compiling a total of 186.2 innings across six levels (Arizona Fall League, A, A+, AA, AAA, MLB):

Year Age Tm Lg Lev IP
2009 20 Phoenix AZFL Fal 19.0
2010 21 Harrisburg EL AA 22.0
2010 21 Syracuse IL AAA 33.1
2010 21 WSN NL MLB 68.0
2011 22 Hagerstown SALL A 6.1
2011 22 Potomac CARL A+ 3.0
2011 22 Harrisburg EL AA 6.0
2011 22 Syracuse IL AAA 5.0
2011 22 WSN NL MLB 24.0
Provided by View Original Table
Generated 8/3/2016.


Coming into the 2016 season, Aaron Sanchez has pitched professionally for parts of six seasons, compiling a total of 514.2 innings across eight levels (Arizona Fall League, Rookie League, A-, A, A+, AA, AAA, MLB):

Year Age Tm Lg Lev IP
2010 17 Blue Jays GULF Rk 19.0
2010 17 Auburn NYPL A- 6.0
2011 18 Bluefield APPY Rk 42.2
2011 18 Vancouver NORW A- 11.2
2012 19 Lansing MIDW A 90.1
2013 20 Dunedin FLOR A+ 86.1
2013 20 Salt River AZFL Fal 23.1
2014 21 New Hampshire EL AA 66.0
2014 21 Buffalo IL AAA 34.1
2014 21 TOR AL MLB 33.0
2015 22 Blue Jays GULF Rk 2.0
2015 22 Dunedin FLOR A+ 2.2
2015 22 Buffalo IL AAA 5.0
2015 22 TOR AL MLB 92.1
Provided by View Original Table
Generated 8/3/2016.


That is nearly three times the workload that Strasburg had, spread out over twice as many years.  The argument that Sanchez doesn’t have sufficient mileage built up in his arm to withstand a large innings increase seems very thin.

As is well known, Washington did not win the World Series in 2012.   Without Sanchez in the rotation it may prove difficult for the Blue Jays to win in 2016.

But if there is some cause for hope, consider this:

Back in spring training there were two key questions facing Toronto’s pitching staff.  The first was whether Drew Storen or Roberto Osuna would open the season in the closer role.  The second was whether Aaron Sanchez or Jesse Chavez would win a rotation spot.  Toronto’s management chose Osuna and Sanchez.

Without a doubt they made the right decision back then.

Here’s hoping they made the right decision now.

Summing Up the Deadline


It was a whirlwind week for the Blue Jays pitching staff.

In a span of seven days Toronto rid themselves of three of their worst relievers (Drew Storen, Jesse Chavez, Franklin Morales), brought in four new pitchers (Joaquin Benoit, Scott Feldman, Mike Bolsinger, Francisco Liriano), and confirmed the controversial decision to move staff ace and potential Cy Young candidate Aaron Sanchez to the bullpen (more on that later).

Now take a breath.

At risk of sounding like the ultimate homer, I like the trades.  Drew Storen was terrible this year, and he didn’t look like he was going to snap out of his funk.

April/March 10.13 10 8.0 14 9 3 1 7 1.875 7.00
May 3.86 11 9.1 11 4 1 3 12 1.500 4.00
June 5.56 12 11.1 12 7 1 4 10 1.412 2.50
July 9.00 7 7.0 9 7 1 3 4 1.714 1.33
Provided by View Original Table
Generated 8/3/2016.


As obvious from the above table, there was nothing positive happening for Storen.  Nothing was trending in the right direction.  In fact, it can be argued that he was actually getting worse as the season progressed.

Jesse Chavez, while not as big of a train wreck as Storen, was also a huge disappointment.  He had a decent April (1.93 ERA), but was a disaster the rest of the way, allowing 19 ER in 32 IP (5.34 ERA).  There are 27 pitchers in the AL that have inherited at least 20 runners.  Of those 27, Chavez has the second worst rate of allowing those runners to score (48.4%).  He also surrendered nine home runs, the third most of any relief pitcher in the AL.

Yes Benoit has had a tough year thus far (5.18 ERA with 5.5 walks per 9 in Seattle), but he brings experience (four years of playoff exposure) and a decent track record to suggest he might be able to turn things around.  His 0.00 ERA in four innings as a Jay is a good start (though the four walks do not bode well).  Feldman was pitching well in Houston and offers Toronto help as a reliever or spot starter.  Bolsinger adds emergency depth.

The real gamble for the Jays is the return to form of Francisco Liriano.  After three great seasons in Pittsburgh he has come crashing down hard in 2016 with a 5.46 ERA and a league leading 69 walks.  However, as has been written elsewhere, his velocity and pitch selection have not dropped, meaning his stuff is still there.  He just needs to pitch better.  Maybe reuniting him with Russell Martin gives him the spark he needs.  Maybe it doesn’t.  But let’s be honest – Hutchison was never going to succeed in Toronto so why not take a shot at a guy who has the potential to bolster the staff and deliver in the playoffs?  And to bring back two quality prospects to boot?  Not a bad deal by any means.

Perhaps most impressive is the fact that Shapiro and Atkins added salary as a result of these trades.  More encouraging was Shapiro saying yesterday that the team can still afford to be very aggressive during the August waiver trade window.

For a guy with a reputation of selling and penny-pinching at every opportunity, that is music to Jays fans ears.


Sizing Up the Red Sox


As the MLB season enters the final week of July the contenders are starting to separate themselves from the pretenders.  In the AL East, it seems apparent that a three team dogfight is emerging between the Jays, Orioles, and Red Sox.  I took a look at how the Jays schedule has compared to the Orioles thus far a few weeks back, and today I will do the same with Boston.

The Boston Red Sox are a very good baseball team (sadly).  There is no denying that.  They have also been ahead of the Blue Jays virtually the entire season.  But are they really better than Toronto?

Offensively, a case can be made that they are.  They lead the majors with 529 runs scored and an .836 team OPS, compared to Toronto’s 478 runs and .773 OPS.  The Jays have out-homered Boston (137-118), but Boston has hit .289 with runners in scoring position compared to Toronto’s .258.  Advantage Red Sox.

But let’s not forget that the Blue Jays got off to an atrocious start this season.  Let’s re-evaluate those numbers from June onward:

jays boston june july

Suddenly it’s the Jays offense that seems more fearsome.

On the pitching side of the ball it has been all Jays:

jays boston pitching

Other than bullpen ERA, Toronto trumps Boston everywhere.

So why are the Jays behind the Red Sox in the standings?  Sure some of it is due to Toronto’s inconsistent and stuttering start.  But a lot of it can also be blamed on the schedules the two teams have played.

Including the series being played this weekend (Toronto against Seattle, Boston against Minnesota) both teams have played 31 series in 2016.  In series played against opponents who were in first place at the time, Toronto sports a .533 winning percentage compared to Boston’s .526.  Against opponents who were in last place in their divisions at the time Toronto’s win % is .833 and Boston’s is .643.

The major difference?

The Blue Jays have only played six games (over two series) against last place teams.  That’s it – a four game set against the Twins in May, and the recently completed two game stop in Arizona.  The Red Sox, on the other hand, have played a whopping 28 games against last place teams (over 10 series).  That difference is staggering. (For reference, the Jays have played 30 games against division leaders.  Boston?  Only 19.)

To go one step further, you can look at the quality of the opposing pitchers faced.  The top-10 pitchers in terms of WAR in the AL (excluding Aaron Sanchez who, obviously, can’t pitch against Toronto) are:

Chris Tillman, Danny Salazar, Michael Fulmer, Carlos Carrasco, Cole Hamels, Chris Sale, Jose Quintana, Corey Kluber, Colby Lewis, Rich Hill, Masahiro Tanaka

The Blue Jays have faced that group 13 times, compared to only 10 times for Boston.  In terms of interleague play, while both teams had to face Madison Bumgarner, the Jays also had to oppose Clayton Kershaw.  Kershaw will more than likely still be on the DL when the Red Sox head to LA in two weeks.

Is this simply sour grapes?  An exercise of a whiny Jays fan?


– not really, and here’s why:

This should give Jays fans a good feeling.  They have faced a much more difficult schedule and survived a bad start to sit only a game and a half back.

Want more reason for hope?

41 of Boston’s final 69 games (just under 60%) will be played

on the road.  The Red Sox are barely above .500 on the road at 21-19 (and 7 – 9 since June 1st).

47 of Toronto’s final 66 games (51.5%) will be played at home where the Jays are 27 – 20 (but 14 – 6 since June 1st).

Of course there are several other factors that will come into play.  Boston is now without its two best relievers (Kimbrel and Uehara), and their newest prize (Pomeranz) was rocked in his first start.  Toronto will get Bautista back soon, but still must answer the Sanchez question and hope that Estrada’s back holds up.  And obviously, there are still nine days until the deadline.

But boil it all down and the Jays are in a good spot.

Just keep winning.

500 Level Fan Book Review: The Big 50 by Shi Davidi

big 50

To purchase a copy of the book please refer to the links at the end of

the review.

Rankings and “best-of” lists always make for great debate.  Whether it be lists of best movies, best bands, or best restaurants, rankings are subjective, personal, and vary significantly based on the age, background, and inclinations of the individual making the list.

This used to be the case in baseball.  For years, decades even, the question of “who is the greatest baseball player of all time” sparked water cooler (or bar-room, depending on your choice of beverage) debates amongst fans of all ages.  Was it Babe Ruth?  Ty Cobb?  Willie Mays?  Was it Mantle, Bonds, Pujols, Griffey, or Koufax?  What about current stars like Kershaw, Trout, and Harper?  While debate can still rage, new advanced stats like WAR enable us to compare players of different eras and at different positions with relative ease.  Subjectivity is slowly dying.

Which is part of what makes The Big 50: The Men and Moments That Made the Toronto Blue Jays such an entertaining read.  The latest effort by Shi Davidi (also the author of Great Expectations: The Lost Toronto Blue Jays Season with John Lott) attempts to do what so many Blue Jays fans (myself included) have tried: to rank the Top 50 moments in the history of the franchise.

It’s an exercise in futility to be sure, because 96% of the book will be considered “wrong” by both casual and hardcore fans.  (Let’s be honest – every single person should have the 1992 and 1993 World Series wins as 1 and 2).  But that is also what makes the book so fascinating and appealing: 96% of the list is up for debate.

I had the privilege and the pleasure to speak with Shi Davidi about the book earlier this week from Denver, where he was in town for the Jays interleague visit against the Rockies (as an aside, Colorado’s Coors Field is the 29th big league stadium that Davidi has visited, leaving only Dodger Stadium on his list – I’m jealous).  Not only was Shi gracious enough to take my call while visiting the Red Rocks Amphitheatre (again – jealous), he was kind enough to stay on the line while I rambled through a series of questions about the book and the team itself.

At its core, defining the top moments of any baseball franchise is a difficult task, but picking the top 50 for the Toronto Blue Jays seemed like it might be more difficult than most.  With only 39 seasons in the books, the Blue Jays have a relatively short history when compared to the Yankees and Red Sox, Cubs and Cardinals.  With many of those seasons lacking in star power, results, and excitement, was it difficult to find 50 salient moments?  Not at all, according to Davidi.  “I put together a list of 75 to 80 potentials,” he said in response to the question.  In order to trim that list without cutting some great moments out, he tried to bring several great moments together: “As I moved along in the process, what I started trying to do where possible was to try and combine things wherever I could.  Rather than just focusing on the Alomar home run I turned it into what I called the Holy Trinity of home runs [with Joe Carter and Ed Sprague, and the bat flip as an added bonus].”

Still many moments missed the cut.  “There were a couple of things that I was upset about not getting into the book,” Davidi said.  “I really wish I’d done more on Jimmy Key, I really wish I’d done a bit more on the Brandon Morrow one-hitter, and maybe even fit a bit more Aaron Hill into the book too.”

Davidi did spend a lot of time talking about individual players in the “Franchise Icon” series, a set of chapters devoted to ten of the most important people in Blue Jay history (Gillick, Alomar, Gaston, Bell, Halladay, Stieb, Delgado, Carter, Fernandez, and Cheek).  These chapters were terrific as they dealt less with individual in-game moments, and more on the actual people themselves, often giving the reader personal touches and interesting tidbits.  For instance in the “Franchise

Icon: Cito Gaston” chapter (#15), we get this beauty from Cito: “I lost about 10 pounds those first two weeks managing.  I also blame it on the fact it became 24/7 because Paul’s [Beeston] a workaholic and Gillick is too.  They’d make you one whether you were already or not.”

Or this, from my personal favourite “Franchise Icon: Tony Fernandez” (#45): “I saw him taking ground balls off the bat, with no shoes, no shirt, and like a cotton glove, and he just picked it clean.” remembered Alfredo Griffin.”  Classic.

The list of Franchise Icons that Davidi chose for the book is virtually an exact match to the Level of Excellence in the Rogers Centre.  When asked who might be the next great Jay honoured with a spot on the Level of Excellence Davidi mentioned “Halladay is an automatic.  After that, Jose Bautista and you can make a pretty good argument for Edwin Encarnacion.”  When asked about the candidacy of John Gibbons to the Level, there was a pause before Shi said “for a manager to up there, you’ve got to win a World Series….the induction of Gibbons would be too polarizing for the fan base….unless he wins a World Series or two.”

Obviously it was impossible to fit everything in the book, and I noticed that of the 50 moments chosen, only six took place within the “Dark Days” of the franchise, the post-World Series / pre-Bautista era.  Although those teams are not remembered as fondly as others, there were some solid squads in that 15 year stretch.  I asked Shi that if today’s two Wild Card playoff structure existed back then if that would have changed the way that era is perceived by fans and writers alike: “I thought that I under-represented that era, but then I thought: what am I really going to

take from that era?….If there had been a second wild card….they could have won a one-off game and had a chance to make some noise, but the Yankees and the Red Sox just had too much.”

At the end of the day though, what makes this book so great is the endless debate it can trigger.  Why is Carlos Delgado’s 4-HR game ranked so high (#7)?  Why is Vernon Wells’ record setting 215-hit season ranked so low (#41)?  Where is Frank Catalanotto’s 6-hit game?  The verbal sparring is endless, and according to Shi a lot of discussion went in to crafting the list. “I distributed my list to a bunch of people.  Jerry Howarth, Buck Martinez, Howard Starkman, Jay Stenhouse, Bob Elliot, Mike Wilner, Scott MacArthur – a bunch of people who are around the team and whose opinion I trust and who know more about the team than I do.   I said ‘hey what do you guys think of this to give me an idea?  Yes or no?  Up?  Down?  I used that a little bit, and then I also used my own subjective opinions.”

For those of you who regularly read Shi’s pieces on (and that should be pretty much all of you) you will know that his subjective opinions are ones that you can trust.  He is an excellent journalist, incredibly skilled in the art of concise writing.  A Davidi article provides context, content, a message, and his aforementioned subjective opinion in a short amount of time, letting a reader get exactly what they need quickly.  He has replicated that style with this book, not once but 50 times.

The Big 50 is set up in such a way that you don’t have to read his opinion 50 times, but can simply pick and choose any of the top moments in franchise history.  But trust me – once you start, it’s impossible to not read straight through to the end.

And once you’re there, it’s even harder to not spend hours trying to come up with your own list.

Let the debate begin.


You can order The Big 50: The Men and Moments That Made the Toronto Blue Jays online at and

Also visit the publishers of The Big 50 at the Triumph Books website.

Follow Shi David on Twitter for all the latest Blue Jays news.



Baltimore and Toronto: Lucky or Good?

blanche showalter

It is June 29th, and the Baltimore Orioles are separating themselves from the rest of the American League East.  After winning again in San Diego last night, Baltimore now sits 4.5 games up on Boston and 5.5 ahead of Toronto.  They have won 6 games in a row and show no signs of slowing down.

On the surface this Orioles team looks fearsome, a daunting challenge for the Jays to try and track down.  They have 123 home runs – the most in the majors.  They have the 3rd best team OPS in all of baseball at .807.  They have the 3rd best bullpen ERA in baseball.  They are also full of star players like Manny Machado, Chris Davis, and Adam Jones.

But is Baltimore really that good?  Or have they just been extraordinarily lucky with the timing of their schedule?  Granted, you still have to win the games put in front of you, but doesn’t it always seem that while the Blue Jays are playing teams in the middle of winning streaks the Orioles are battling teams that are hitting rock bottom?

I decided to expand on the post I wrote last week about Toronto’s rotten and unlucky timing, and apply it to the Orioles as well.  I wanted to see if the assumption made above was actually true.  Are the Baltimore Orioles benefiting as much from who they are playing as they are from how they are playing?

The answer is a resounding yes.

To prove it, I took a look at each and every series that both Baltimore and Toronto have played, and created a simple formula to compare the difficulty of their opponents.  The day that a series against a new opponent begins, I calculated the strength of that opponent based on the following:

– plus or minus 1 point for every game above or below .500 on the season

– plus or minus 1 point for every game above or below .500 in the past 5 games

– plus or minus 1 point for every game above or below .500 in the past 10 games

– plus or minus the opponent’s current streak

For example, if upon entering a series a team was 15-14 on the season, 3-2 in its past 5, 5-5 in its past 10, and riding a 3 game winning streak, they would earn a score of 5 (1 for the season record, 1 for the past 5 game record, 0 for the past 10 game record, and 3 for the winning streak).  The higher the score, the more difficult the opponent.  Simple.

Including the current matchups (Toronto visiting Colorado and Baltimore visiting San Diego) both the Jays and O’s have played 25 series in 2016.  The total sum of opponent difficulties?  Not even close:

Toronto +80

Baltimore -53

To summarize things, I classified each series into a Neutral, Hard, or Easy rating.  Any opponent with a negative double digit score was considered an easy opponent.  Anything in positive double digits was considered hard.  Anything in between was considered neutral.  The overall breakdown is heavily skewed in Baltimore’s favour:


That’s right – the Blue Jays have played in almost twice as many “hard” series and three-and-a-half times fewer “easy” series.  A quick comparison of the details behind the hard and easy series will bring home the point more clearly:

Toronto – Hard Opponents

Jays Strength of opponent

Baltimore – Hard Opponents

Orioles opponent strength

As you can see, the June 17th series was played against each other so in reality the Jays have played six difficult series to Baltimore’s three.  As is also evident from the chart, timing is everything.  Whereas a series against Oakland right now might be seen as relatively easy given the A’s are 9 games under .500, back on April 22nd it definitely was not.  At that time Oakland was 9-7 on the season, 5-0 in the past 5, 6-4 in the past 10, and riding a 5-game winning streak.  Similarly, as demonstrated by the Yankees series on May 24th, a team doesn’t even need to be above .500 to be considered difficult.  Though New York was only 21-22, they were also riding a 5-game win streak and were 5-0 and 7-3 in their recent stretch.   Not easy at all.

The overall records in those games?

Toronto: 11 – 11

Baltimore: 8 – 6

Toronto – Easy Opponents

Jays easy opponents

Baltimore – Easy Opponents

Baltimore easy opponents

This where the comparison really gets interesting.  The Blue Jays have only played two series that could be considered easy.  Minnesota and Philadelphia are weak teams to begin with, and both were struggling mightily when they played the Jays.  But that’s been it for weak opponents.  Baltimore, on the other hand, has played a weak opponent seven times!  And not all of them have been bad teams.  They played the Yankees a few weeks before the Blue Jays did, only instead of New York being red hot they were ice cold: 8-15 and losers of 5-straight.  When Toronto played Oakland on April 22, the A’s were on fire.  Two weeks later the Orioles played an A’s team that had lost 4-straight and was 3-7 in its past 10.  They also were given a chance to play a Rays team and an Astros team that were in deep, deep slumps.

The overall records in these “easy” games?

Toronto: 6 – 2

Baltimore: 14 – 7

Overall, both teams are holding their own in games against difficult opponents and both teams are beating up on the weak teams.  The biggest difference is that the Jays have played 13 fewer games against chumps, and 8 more games against champs.

To further illustrate the differences in schedules, consider this:

– The combined record of Baltimore’s opponents at the time of each series is 461 – 480, 19 games under .500.  The combined record of Toronto’s opponents in 480 – 452, 28 games over .500.

– The Blue Jays have played against a first place team 8 times.  Baltimore?  Just 4.

– Baltimore, on the other hand, has played against a last place team 6 times.  Toronto?  Only once.

So the next time you take a look at the standings and see the Jays behind the Orioles, remember one thing: Baltimore isn’t exactly a powerhouse.  This exercise has determined that while they may be a good team, they are definitely not perfect – just a team that has fattened up its record against a bunch of also-rans.

For the Blue Jays, this means one thing:

The Orioles can be caught.

This season is nowhere near over.

Timing is Everything


Some things in baseball will never change.  Games played on grass will always be better than games played on turf.  The Rogers Centre will always be better when the roof is open.  Jonathan Papelbon will always be the worst.

And fans everywhere will always gripe about the unfairness of the schedule.

In the early 2000’s it was Jays fans who hated the unbalanced schedule, as Toronto was forced to play 38 games a year against the two biggest powerhouses in the game, while teams in other divisions could load up against teams like the 100-loss Tigers, or the awful

Rangers.  This year I’m sure Pirates fans are unhappy about having to play 38 against the Cubs and Cardinals while the Mets – a team they are battling against for a Wild Card – plays 38 against Philadelphia and Atlanta.

But there is another part about the schedule that can also play havoc with teams records, and it has nothing to do with divisional play or interleague imbalance.  It is all about timing.

Everybody can agree that the Atlanta Braves are one of the worst (if not the worst) team in baseball this year, but don’t tell that to the Marlins this week, who opened up a two game series against a Braves team that had won 5-straight games.  They promptly made it 6-in-a-row by taking game 1.

Yes, even the worst teams in baseball can catch fire,

just like the best teams can struggle.  The truly random aspect of when those things happen, however, can completely alter a team’s schedule.  A series that may have been penciled in as “easy” might not be so simple if the opponent is red hot.

The Blue Jays have played 23 series in 2016.  Not counting the first series of the year against Tampa Bay, when every team in baseball was tied for first, the Jays have played a first place team eight times:

– April 19th series vs. Baltimore

– April 25th series vs. Chicago White Sox

– May 2nd series vs. Texas

– May 9th series vs. San Francisco

– May 27th series vs. Boston

– June 3rd series vs. Boston

– June 9th series vs. Baltimore

– June 17th series vs. Baltimore

An additional four series have been played against second place teams.

Some other wonky stats that the Jays have faced include:

– Six times they have opened a series against a team riding a winning streak of 3 or more games

– Nine times they have opened a series against a team that had won 4 of its previous 5 games

– Five times they have opened a series against a team that had won 7 of its previous 10 games

– 15 times they have opened a series against a team with a .500 or better record

To me, that is a tough, tough road.  But it has been even tougher.  Even some of the series that could have potentially been seen as “easy” have come at bad times.  Toronto faced Oakland in late April when the A’s were on a five game winning streak.  They played the underachieving Yankees beginning May 24th when New York had won five straight.  The up and down  Tigers hosted Toronto at a time when they were definitely up, having won three straight and four of five.  And in the series that just concluded at the dome, the badly flopping Diamondbacks came in on a four game win streak and 7-3 in the past 10.

Only twice this year can the Jays say that they have played a team that was truly in the dumps: the series’ against Minnesota (L3, 2-8 in past 10) and Philadelphia (L4, 3-7 in past 10).

And it doesn’t get any better for the Blue Jays.  They head to Chicago to open up a 3-game set against the White Sox this weekend, and face a team that has self-destructed since the last time they met.  In late April, the Sox were 13-6 and in first place when they came to Toronto and swept the Jays.  However, Chicago is just 9-18 in its past 27 games, a mark that is one of the worst in baseball and has seen them plummet to 4th place.

But, keeping true to form, the Jays visit them at a time when they appear to be pulling out of their funk.  Entering this afternoon’s game, the White Sox have won three straight games against Boston, ensuring that they will be hot when Toronto comes to town.

Timing is everything in baseball, and unfortunately for the Blue Jays, they have been on the rotten end of a lot of it.

Knowing this, their 40-34 record looks a whole lot better.

Hindsight: Looking Back at Past MLB Drafts


The opening rounds of the 2016 MLB draft took place last night and with the 21st overall pick the Blue Jays selected 6-foot-7 RHP Zdeno Chara TJ Zeuch out of Pittsburgh.  As we all know by now the MLB draft is the ultimate crapshoot with so many early round picks flaming out and many late round picks turning into bargains.  The real verdict on Zeuch won’t be in for several years.  But with the benefit of hindsight we can easily go back and re-grade past drafts.  So to continue a 500 Level Fan tradition, let’s do just that.  To keep it simple I am using Baseball Reference’s WAR stat to rank all players.  It’s not perfect but it’s a nice, convenient stat.  So let’s take a look back at the 2011, 2006, and 2001 MLB drafts (5, 10, and 15 years ago). Armed with hindsight, which is always 20/20, we can see how the draft order might have changed knowing how careers played out.

Note – My re-ranked top-10 list doesn’t take into account things like signability issues, team needs, or draft strategy (i.e. high school vs. college). I simply re-ranked the drafted players based on career WAR (Note: Career WAR totals are as of June 10).

2011 Draft

It often takes several years for drafted players to reach the major leagues. Five years have passed since the ’11 draft, and while many of the drafted players are still young, one would expect the top talents to have found their way to the big leagues by now.

Here are the top-10 picks of the 2011 draft:

2011 Draft

Unlike the previous two years, where Bryce Harper and Stephen Strasburg were the top picks, there really wasn’t a consensus choice at the top.  Even so, the Pirates made a very nice choice in selecting Gerrit Cole.  He arrived in the big leagues in 2013 and emerged as a true ace last year with a 19-8 record, 2.60 ERA, and 202 strikeout season.  He made the All-Star team and finished 4th in Cy Young voting and 19th in MVP voting.  Anthony Rendon has been a solid, if inconsistent, player for Washington, and Francisco Lindor looks to be a star in the making.  The rest of the top-10 however?  The jury is still out.  The four B’s (Bundy, Bauer, Bradley, and Baez) are all on major league rosters but enjoying varying degrees of success.  Hultzen has put up good numbers in the minors but missed all of 2014 and is currently out for 2016 with injury.  Starling has yet to play above AA and is currently under the Mendoza line in the Texas League.  They are getting perilously close to being considered busts.

This is what the the top-10 looks like with the magic of hindsight, based on career WAR:

2011 Redux

There are a lot of terrific players on that list, including some later round talents that prove the fact that future MLB regulars exist after round one.  Jose Fernandez, Mookie Betts, George Springer, and Jackie Bradley all might be All-Stars in 2016.  Cody Allen has emerged as a solid closer for the Indians and of course Pillar is one of baseball’s best defensive outfielders (even if he steadfastly refuses to take walks!).

Blue Jay Focus

The 2011 draft was Toronto’s second under Alex Anthopoulos, and aside from Pillar will go down as a bit of a bust on the surface.  However many of the prospects were used in trades to acquire big league players so the story isn’t all bad.  Musgrove and Comer were sent to Houston in the Happ trade (who was in turn traded for Michael Saunders).  DeSclafani was sent to Miami in the huge Jose Reyes trade, and of course Daniel Norris was used in the package to acquire David Price last season.  Toronto failed to sign top choice Tyler Beede (now in the Giants system), and Aaron Nola who looks like a future star in Philadelphia (Nola chose to pursue a collegiate career before turning pro).

First Round Picks: Tyler Beede (21st overall), Jacob Anderson (35th overall), Joseph Musgrove (46th overall), Dwight Smith (53rd overall), Kevin Comer (57th overall) – none have made the major leagues

Total Number of Picks: 55

Number of Players to Reach the Majors: 6

– Daniel Norris – traded to Detroit for David Price in 2015, currently in AAA (74th overall), WAR of 0.5

– Anthony DeSclafani – traded to Miami in the Jose Reyes deal in 2012, currently with Cincinnati (199th), WAR of 1.0

– Andy Burns (349th) – WAR of 0.1

– Aaron Nola – did not sign, now with Philadelphia (679th), WAR of 3.6

– David Rollins – traded to Houston in the J.A. Happ deal in 2012, now in AAA in Seattle’s organization (739th), WAR of -0.6

– Kevin Pillar (979th) – WAR of 7.6

Total WAR = 12.2

2006 Draft

The 2006 draft produced a few All-Stars, including one of the greatest pitchers of all time, but was otherwise underwhelming.  In fact the career WAR of the top-10 players selected in 2011 has nearly caught up to those drafted in ’06.

Here are the top-10 picks of the 2006 draft:

2006 Draft

Pick number seven: the one that got away from KC, Colorado, Tampa, Pittsburgh, Seattle, and Detroit.  Clayton Kershaw has emerged into not only one of the best pitchers in baseball today, but as one of the best to ever play.  He has three Cy Young awards (and two other top-3 finishes), and currently leads baseball with a 1.46 ERA and an absolutely staggering K/BB ratio of 18.17 (109 K’s, 6 BB).  Evan Longoria is still playing at a high level for the Rays, Tim Lincecum won a few Cy Young awards and World Series with the Giants, and Andrew Miller has developed into a dynamite reliever in New York, but the rest of the first round is full of busts and disappointments.  Both Lincoln and Morrow had stops in Toronto that did little to shake that verdict.

With the magic of hindsight, here is a re-ranked version of the 2006 draft, based on career WAR:

2006 Redux

As you can see, underwhelming.  Add Max Scherzer to the list of studs, but that’s about it.  Chris Davis and Daniel Murphy have had great seasons, but there is little else to suggest that 2006 was a great draft.

Blue Jay Focus

The 2006 draft was completed under the guidance of J.P. Ricciardi, and to be blunt, it was terrible.  Everybody had such high hopes for Travis Snider, but he failed to deliver – in Toronto and elsewhere.  The rest of the picks?  Yikes.

First Round Pick: Travis Snider (14th overall) – Career WAR: 4.6

Total Number of Picks: 48

Number of Players to Reach the Majors: 5

– Travis Snider – now in the AAA with Kansas City (14th), WAR of 4.6

– Cole Figueroa – now with Pittsburgh (270th), WAR of -0.2

– Jonathan Diaz (360th) – WAR of -0.3

– Brad Mills – now in AAA with Seattle (660th), WAR of -1.5

– Graham Godfrey – out of baseball (1020th), WAR of -0.5

Total WAR = 2.1

2001 Draft

Similar to the 2006 draft, the 2001 draft featured a few borderline Hall-of-Famers and then a bunch of decent but not great players.

Here are the top-10 picks of the 2001 draft:

2001 Draft

A classic case of “what-if”.  Joe Mauer was a force for several years, even winning an MVP, but is clearly in his decline years.  But Mark Prior – he could have been huge.  He put up an absolutely incredible 2003 campaign (18-6, 2.43 ERA, 245 strikeouts), but overuse caused him to burn out early and he was out of baseball by 2006.  Gavin Floyd was always a solid pitcher – good but not great – and remains such as a member of Toronto’s bullpen.  The rest of the top-10?  Oh boy.  Three players put up negative career WARs, and three never even made the big leagues.  Do over?

Here is a re-ranked version of the 2001 draft, based on career WAR:

2001 Redux

David Wright was one of the best players in baseball until his health got in the way, and Haren, Youkilis, and Hardy all made All-Star teams, but the rest of the best from ’01 doesn’t exactly scream out “success”.

Blue Jay Focus

2001 was the final draft for Gord Ash and it left a lot to be desired.  Nobody developed into a star major leaguer, and only a few even contributed.

First Round Pick: Gabe Gross (15th overall) – Career WAR: 4.7

Total Number of Picks: 50

Number of Players to Reach the Majors: 7

– Gabe Gross – now out of baseball (15th), WAR of 4.7

– Brandon League – now out of baseball (59th), WAR of 2.6

– Tyrell Godwin – now out of baseball (91st), WAR of -0.1

– Mike Rouse – now out of baseball (151st), WAR of -0.5

– Jeff Fiorentino – now out of baseball (631st), WAR of 0.7

– Dave Gassner – now out of baseball (721st) – WAR of -0.2

– Sean Barker – now out of baseball (1370th) – WAR of 0.0

Total WAR = 7.2

The Big Five Blues


Don’t worry everybody – it’s OK to be sad.

I think most people in Blue Jays nation are feeling down today after last night’s debacle in Detroit.  For the fourth or fifth time this season the Blue Jays managed to snatch defeat from the jaws of victory in a 3-2 10 inning loss to the Tigers.

It was a waste of monumental proportions.  Obviously there was the wasted start by Aaron Sanchez, who threw the best game of his young career.  Through 8 innings he allowed just one hit and one walk while striking out 12.  It was the best he has ever looked in his Blue Jays career.

Then there was the wasted opportunities.  The Jays were gifted 9 (!) walks by Detroit pitching, were the recipient of a blooper reel error by Bobby Parnell, and put runners on second and third with nobody out in the 9th.  Yet for all of that they only managed to score two runs and left 11 men on base.

And that right there is why they lost the game.

For all armchair managers who were ripping into John Gibbons for leaving Sanchez in for the 9th, or for not ordering more sacrifice bunts, or for not intentionally walking Miguel Cabrera to get to Victor Martinez (who, as an aside, just happens to be the leading hitter in the AL), none of those had anything to do with losing.

It should have been at least 4-0, possibly 8-0, heading into the 9th.  But once again in 2016, the Blue Jays offense was dormant.

This certainly was not the plan coming into the season.  Expectations were of another huge offensive year, with runs piling up in record numbers.  But through 60 games Toronto is on pace to score 670 runs, a staggering 221 fewer than last year.  That is the equivalent of removing the 2015 version of Jose Bautista and Edwin Encarnacion from the lineup and replacing them with, well, nobody.

The offense has been bad.  Really bad.  As a team the Blue Jays are hitting .234 with a .716 OPS, down from .269 / .797 in 2015.  With runners in scoring position the average and OPS numbers are .219 / .679 as compared to .286 / .839.  With RISP and 2 out they sit at .219 / .669, down from .243 / .762.  In short, the Jays aren’t hitting, and they are leaving tons of runners on the basepaths.

So who is at fault for this?  Shockingly, you have to look no further than the Big Five.  All season previews started with Toronto’s hitting, led by five of the top sluggers in all of baseball: Jose Bautista, Josh Donaldson, Edwin Encarnacion, Troy Tulowitzki, and Russell Martin.  But a deeper dive into their numbers show a significant decline:

Big 5 - Overall

As a unit, the Big 5’s OPS is down nearly 100 points from their career averages, and 130 points from the past 3 years.  Martin and Tulo have been the main culprits, but EE is also way down, and Bautista and Donaldson are also struggling.

Big 5 - RISP

When looking at the numbers with Runners in Scoring Position, it is a similar tale.  Bautista seems to be producing in line with or above his career and recent numbers, but not the case for the rest of the bunch.  EE’s OPS is down over 240 points in 2016 as compared to his 2013-2015 production.  As a unit, the group OPS has fallen from .921 to .727, with a batting average down to the Mendoza line.  Tough to win games with numbers like that.

Big 5 - RISP 2 Out


Big 5 - Late and Close

Getting into some more clutch stats tells the same story.  In late and close situations the Big 5 is putting up a .633 OPS, miles away from what they have done in the past 3 years.  Same for batting with RISP and 2 outs.  Donaldson’s numbers in that category are particularly startling: an .071 average and .563 OPS, down from .307 and .853.

We are now 60 games into the 2016 regular season.  The excuse of “it’s early” no longer applies.  In fact, this is generally the time of year when analysts start to believe the old adage of “what you see is what you get”.  If players with no track record started the season on a tear and are still producing at a high clip, maybe it’s no longer reasonable to expect regression, just as it might not be reasonable to expect players producing well below career norms to rebound.

If that is the case, and Martin, Bautista, Encarnacion, Tulowitzki, and Donaldson are starting to decline, then it might be a long, long summer in Toronto.

I, for one, still believe in this group.  I still believe that this is just an extended slump that is unfortunately hitting all five guys at the same time.  One or two extended hot streaks are just around the corner and those numbers presented above will start to rectify themselves.

I just hope I’m not a hopeless dreamer.

Fun With Early WAR


It’s hard to believe, but the 2016 regular season is already over 25% finished.  That means it’s time for an annual post here on 500 Level Fan where we take a few minutes to have fun with early season stats.

We are approaching late-May, so some teams are establishing themselves as legit (Cubs, Red Sox, Giants), and some look to be already playing for next year (poor, poor Minnesota).  But a large majority of teams have fans scratching their heads, wondering if down is up or if up is down.

The White Sox are in first and the Phillies are 5 games over .500.  Last year’s AL playoff teams are a combined two games under .500.  Perennial playoff entrants St. Louis and the Dodgers are only two games over the break-even mark.  Seems weird right?

But the one thing we keep hearing, the one universal caution about assessing performance at this time of year is this: it’s still relatively early.

But it’s never too early to have some fun with stats. Let’s take a look at some early season WAR stats and assess which players may have staying power (both good and bad).

Player WAR

mid year WAR best

The above tables show the best players in baseball in terms of WAR, and the leaderboard is a healthy mix of guys you would expect to see there and guys you wouldn’t.  Machado, Altuve, Trout, and Cano are perennial All-Stars, while Bogaerts and Springer are up-and-coming stars.  The biggest surprises have to be Adam Eaton ranked as the best player in all of baseball, and the fact that the two reigning MVP’s are nowhere to be found.  Josh Donaldson is the top Blue Jay with a 1.9 WAR, and Bryce Harper is one notch below him at 1.8.  I would expect to see them creep up the board as the season moves on.  In terms of oWAR and dWAR, seeing Michael Saunders as the top Jays is certainly a nice surprise, and seeing Kevin Pillar ranked T-3rd overall is what we have come to expect.

Most Likely to Stick in Top-10: Machado, Altuve, Trout, Springer, Bogaerts, Cano

Most Likely to Drop Out: Eaton, Piscotty, Perez

mid year WAR worst

Here is where things get a bit upsetting for Blue Jay fans: there is a lot of yellow on those lists.  Ryan Goins ranks as one of the worst players in all of baseball thus far, as well as the third worst hitter in the league.  Russell Martin and the pre-suspension version of Chris Colabello are right at the bottom in terms of offense.  Jose Bautista just misses the list of the worst ten fielders.  But there are other names on those lists that have to be troubling to fan bases across the game.  Prince Fielder, Kendrys Morales, and Carlos Gomez were huge parts of the 2015 success of Texas, KC, and Houston.  Adam Jones has been Baltimore’s rock for years.  All are awful right now.

Most Likely to Stick in Bottom-10: Aybar, Pierzynski, Goins

Most Likely to Climb Out: Fielder, Parra

Pitcher WAR

mid year WAR pitcher

That is a who’s-who of stud pitchers.  There are virtually no surprises on that list.  Kershaw, Arrieta, Sale, Salazar, Syndergaard, Strasburg: all are Cy Young candidates.  I am honestly surprised at the early season success of Cueto – I fully expected him to flame out in SF.  Rich Hill continues to be a very nice story and might make for a nice trade deadline acquisition for a contending team.  Is Chris Tillman finally putting it all together?  I doubt it….

In the worst list, there are two huge names that stand out.  The first is the so-called ace of the New York Mets rotation, Matt Harvey.  He was counted on to be one of baseball’s top pitchers and has not lived up to the bill yet.  The second is huge off-season acquisition Shelby Miller.  He has been an absolute bust for Arizona.  For Drew Storen to somehow not be in the bottom-10 is somewhat miraculous considering his awful start in Toronto.

Most Likely to Stick in Top-10 / Bottom-10: Kershaw, Arrieta, Sale, Syndergaard, Strasburg / Tolleson, Simon

Most Likely to Drop Out / Climb Out: Tillman, Chatwood / Harvey

As always, we’ll check back on these lists later in the season to see if things become “more normal”.